Animal Birth Control – or ABC – is the most effective way of reducing and controlling the street dog and cat populations. It also has major implications for the control of rabies.
- Under the Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001, street dogs are to be sterilised, vaccinated and subsequently released into the same area from where they were captured. These Rules also requires sick dogs to be treated prior to their sterilisation and vaccination. Incurably ill or mortally wounded dogs can be put to death, and only in a humane manner.
- Mass vaccinations, an essential part of the programme, have shown to substantially reduce the spread of rabies in dogs, and thus to humans. The World Health Organisation has recognised the use of vaccinations as the most effective way to control rabies.
- The Constitution of India gives precedence to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 and the Animal Birth Control Rules, 2001, over state and local laws.