Your local vet will do the vaccinations and will advise you on which vaccinations are required. They will give you a record card with a label from the vaccine dose that is signed by the vet, and a reminder of when the next vaccine is due.


Here are the main vaccinations recommended for dogs.

Before all vaccinations, the dog must be de-wormed.

Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Para-influenza and Leptospirosis*

These can all be vaccinated against in one shot using the NOBIVAC-DHPPiL vaccine.

First vaccination: when the dog is 45 days old

Then: every year


First vaccination: when the dog is 90 days old

Then: every year

In India, vaccine names include: Raksharab, NobiVacR, Canvac.

In Kolkata, one vaccine typically costs around Rs200 (in late 2016).

*Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that also affects dogs. Symptoms include fever, muscle pain and shivering, vomiting and diarrhoea, cough, runny nose, difficulty breathing.



Before all vaccinations, the cat must be de-wormed.

There are two main vaccines recommended for cats.

PCH (Panleukopenia, Calcivirus, Rhinotracheitis)** 

First vaccination: when the cat is 90 days old

Then: every year


There has to be an interval of 3 weeks after the PCH vaccination before you give the rabies vaccination.

First vaccination: when the cat is 111 days old (90 days + 21 days = 111 days)

Then: every year


** Panleukopenia is a virus that is in some ways similar to distemper in dogs. Symptoms include bloody diarrhoea, malnutrition, anaemia and often death. It is highly contagious among cats, but not to humans.

Calcivirus is another highly contagious respiratory disease among cats. Symptoms include  fever, conjunctivitis, nasal discharge, sneezing, pneumonia, painful walk, and ulceration of the mouth.

Rhinotracheitis (FVR – Feline viral rhinotracheitis) is an upper respiratory infection of the nose and throat in cats. Symptoms include attacks of sneezing, nasal and eye discharges, closed or infected eye, fever, and lack of appetite.